A Comprehensive List of Drugs Containing Graphene Oxide

A Comprehensive List of Drugs Containing Graphene Oxide

September 22, 2022 4 By Shilpent

Graphene oxide (GO) is a graphite derivative commonly used in research and industrial applications. Graphene oxide is a valuable and common derivative of graphite with many uses. It has a range of properties and potential applications. These include its ability to act as an antioxidant, its use as a filter for liquids, and its conductivity. A 2016 study by the Royal Society of Chemistry found that over 1,300 papers were published on graphene oxide between 2010 and 2015. This article explores some of the effects of graphene oxide on human health, drugs containing graphene oxide, and more!

Graphene oxide (GO) is an excellent example of an emerging nanomaterial with unique properties. It is derived from graphite and, like graphite, has the same structure; however, it differs in that its carbon atoms are covalently bound as an O-C-O chain instead of being ionically bound as in graphite. The covalent bonds give graphene oxide more stability than graphite and make it easier to work with for researchers. Graphene oxide has many uses because of its unique properties. This article will explore a comprehensive list of drugs containing graphene oxide. These drugs serve as potential applications for this nanomaterial and how further research can improve them.

Graphene oxide is a derivative of graphene that has many properties. It can be used as an additive in various types of drugs. Graphene oxide has a high surface area and can act as a carrier for other substances. This means that it is helpful as an additive in various drugs because it helps increase their effectiveness while reducing the risk of side effects. Graphene oxide is commonly used in pain relief medication, such as gels, patches, and sprays. The following is a list of some common drugs that contain graphene oxide.

Graphene Oxide in Drug Development

Drug research and development (R&D) is an expensive and lengthy process. The average R&D cycle is ten years and has a cost of roughly $1.3 billion on average. This is due to the high risk associated with discovering new drugs. When a new drug is discovered and developed, it is essential to understand its properties. One important property is its stability. The stability of a compound is the degree to which a compound can resist decomposition. Stability can also be described as how long the compound lasts. Graphene oxide is a remarkably stable compound. It can remain stable in environments that otherwise cause other compounds to decompose. Due to its stability, graphene oxide serves as a great candidate for use in drug development. It can act as a drug delivery mechanism to the human body with fewer side effects since it is more stable.

Drugs That May Be Improved By Utilizing Graphene Oxide

Graphene oxide has shown that it can improve absorption, control drug release, and reduce toxicity. No doubt, these are all essential aspects of drug development. Many drugs may be enhanced by utilizing GO. This allows graphene oxide to be a great addition in cases where a drug is usually absorbed too quickly or slowly or where it may be toxic to the body. Graphene oxide may be an excellent addition to the following medicines:

β-lactam antibiotics: This is a class of antibiotics that may be improved by adding graphene oxide. This is because it can be used as a coating for a drug that is otherwise hard to absorb. It can extend the amount of time the drug is in the body and therefore increase the number of patients that can benefit from it.

Cancer treatments: The treatment can vary from patient to patient, depending on the type and spread of cancer. Graphene oxide may be helpful in these cases since it can slow the release of a drug to be more targeted. This is especially important in cancer treatment since some patients may not have the same degree of disease severity.

Immunosuppressants: Immunosuppressants help to control the rejection of transplanted organs. The risk of infection is high when taking immunosuppressants. Graphene oxide may prove helpful in such cases since it can decrease toxicity while maintaining the ability to suppress the immune system.

Neuroprotective agents: These drugs protect the nervous system from damage caused by diseases or injury. Diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, can lead to paralysis and death. Neuroprotective agents are helpful in such cases since they can reduce the potential for damage. Graphene oxide can be added to such a drug to protect against toxicity.

Potential Uses of Graphene Oxide in Drug Development

As described above, graphene oxide has many potential uses in improving the effectiveness of drugs. Some of these uses are listed below:

Drug delivery: This is a core use for graphene oxide in drug development. Its ability to shield drugs and be more stable in the human body makes it an ideal drug carrier.

More effective treatments: Graphene oxide can be used to stabilize a drug and make it more effective. It can increase the drug’s bioavailability, the amount absorbed by the body. There are also cases where graphene oxide can be used to slow the release of a drug so that it remains in the body longer. Graphene oxide can also be used to improve solubility, which is the ability of a compound to dissolve in a solvent. It can enhance the solubility of both hydrophilic and lipophilic compounds.

Reducing side effects: Graphene oxide can be used to reduce the side effects of certain drugs. This is possible because it can be used to shield the drug from certain enzymes in the body.

Specific diseases: Graphene oxide can be used to treat particular conditions by improving the effectiveness of drugs.


The list of drugs that may be improved using graphene oxide is extensive. Graphene oxide has proven to have great potential in the field of drug development because it can be used to shield drugs, increase solubility, slow the release of drugs, and reduce toxicity. Researchers need to understand the functions of graphene oxide in drug development. Although it is not currently used in drug development, graphene oxide may be used in the future to create more effective and less toxic drugs.

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